Q1/2019 - WIPO
A comprehensive study about artificial intelligence with a particular focus on the issues relating to trademarks and patents going along with it was presented by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in Geneva on 31 January 2019. Next to other things, the first publication of the new series “WIPO Technology Trend” investigates developments in the fields of machine learning, machine vision, speech and face recognition and robotics. The majority of the AI patent applications come from the fields of transportation, telecommunications as well as life and medical sciences. According to the study, patent applications for so-called “personal devices” have risen from 2,915 in 2013 to 3,977 in the year 2016 (an increase by 11 percent).
WIPO Director General Francis Gurry said: “Patenting activity in the artificial intelligence realm is rising at a rapid pace, meaning we can expect a very significant number of new AI-based products, applications and techniques that will alter our daily lives – and also shape future human interaction with the machines we created. AI’s ramifications for the future of human development are profound. The first step in maximizing the widespread benefit of AI, while addressing ethical, legal and regulatory challenges, is to create a common factual basis for understanding of artificial intelligence”. With the study, WIPO wanted to contribute “evidence-based projections, thereby informing global policymaking on the future of AI, its governance and the intellectual property framework that supports it”.
The study features a foreword by Andrew Ng, KI guru and professor at Stanford University, who previously was responsible for AI projects at Baidu, Google and other companies. Ng recommends establishing a broad multistakeholder cooperation to create greater public awareness for the possibilities and risks AI provides. He complains that the USA and China play a dominant role in AI research and calls on all governments to invest more in AI education.