Q2/2019 - French G7 Presidency
At the G7 Foreign Ministers meeting in Saint Malo on 6 April 2019, a declaration on a G7 cyber norm initiative (CNI/Dinard Declaration on the Cyber Norm Initiative) was adopted. The CNI aims at a better exchange of experiences (best practice and lessons learned) when dealing with the recommendations for a norm-compliant behaviour of states in cyberspace based on the UN Charter as well as corresponding confidence-building measures as contained in the reports of the UN GGEs of 2010, 2013 and 2015. This shall also foster optimised coordinated preparations for the negotiations on cyber security in the two new UN working groups (OEWG & GGE), which will begin in September 2019.
The CNI includes four commitments:
- Better exchange of information to enhance the understanding of the role of voluntary, non-binding norms for responsible state behaviour in cyberspace;
- Share best practices and lessons learned with states that are not members to G7;
- Engage in extended cooperation to build confidence in cyberspace (CBMCs), and
- Help build capabilities to implement the agreed norms and CBMCs
G7 Interior Ministers Meeting, Paris, 5 April 2019
At the G7 Interior Ministers meeting in Paris on 5 April 2019, a G7 document titled "Combating the Use of the Internet for Terrorist and Violent Extremist Purposes" was adopted in the light of the terrorist attack in Christchurch. The document contains 16 guidelines to prevent the abuse of the Internet for terrorism and propaganda inciting violence.
The document reaffirms the need for closer cooperation between governments and online platforms. Where voluntary commitments do not lead to a satisfactory result with regard to the removal of terrorist content, legislative action by the G7 countries is necessary. The decision of the G7 conference in Toronto (2018) to further develop the Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT) as the global coordinating point was confirmed. Attention was drawn to the fact that the willingness of large online platforms to cooperate has grown, but that small online platforms were often unable to implement the relevant decisions.
It was complained that law enforcement authorities encountered obstacles in their investigations in many cases as they did not have unhindered access to data, in particular to encrypted electronic communications. Access to these data for law enforcement authorities had to be extended in the interest of successful terrorist investigations; however, due respect for universal human rights had to be guaranteed in this context.