Q3/2019 - ‚Five Eyes‘ Security Alliance
The group of Security Ministers of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States known as “Five Eyes” discussed the topic of cyber security at its annual meeting on 29 July 2019 in London. One item on the agenda was the role of social networks and combating child pornography. Alongside the Ministerial Meeting, an industry roundtable was held, which was attended also by Google, Microsoft and Facebook. Last year, the US-companies had still declined an invitation to the meeting. The items under discussion included the expansion of the competences of intelligence services for combating security risks in cyberspace . Five Eyes is an intelligence alliance that evolved from a secret World War Two alliance of the five English-speaking countries to coordinate espionage and counterespionage and has persisted until today. One of the tasks of Five Eyes is the management of the satellite-based surveillance system.
The governments of the Five Eyes also were the initiators of the “Joint Statement on Advancing Responsible State Behavior in Cyberspace” that was adopted in New York on 24 September 2019“. The Joint Statement is based, among other things, on the G7 cyber norm initiative (Dinard Declaration on the Cyber Norm Initiative/CNI) of April 2019. It reaffirms the commitment to a cyberspace based on the rule of law and supports the implementation of the norms and confidence-building measures agreed by the UNGGEs in 2010, 2013 and 2015.
- The statement advocates maintaining and shaping cyberspace "free, open and secure" for future generations. The new UN negotiations started in September 2019 within the framework of the Open Ended Working Group (OEWG) and the Group of Governmental Experts (UNGGE) are good opportunities to further develop the global cyber security architecture, says the statement. In addition to confidence-building measures, capacity building activities are also important to improve the governments’ capabilities to take action against disruptive, destructive and destabilising cyber attacks. However, measures to stabilise cyberspace must not be taken at the expense of human rights. These apply offline as well as online.
- A close cooperation of the signing governments is announced to hold states accountable that do not abide by the agreed rules. The statement requests that “there must be consequences for bad behavior in cyberspace”.
- The Joint Statement was signed by 26 states. Next to the Five Eyes and G7 member states these are: Columbia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Iceland, Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Rumania, Slovakia, Spain and Sweden.