Q4/2019 - 40th Session of the General Conference of UNESCO
The 40th UNESCO General Conference adopted three resolutions that are relevant to the field of Internet governance.
Resolution on Artificial Intelligence
With the UNESCO Resolution 40/67, UNESCO decided to start negotiations on the development of a standard-setting instrument on the ethics of artificial intelligence (Recommendation on the ethics of artificial intelligence). The resolution points out both the opportunities and the risks associated with the further advancement of artificial intelligence. A UNESCO Recommendation could be a helpful instrument for the elaboration and implementation of national and international regulations, policies and strategies. When preparing it, UNESCO should pay particular attention to the ethical and human rights dimension. UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay is requested to submit a text ready for adoption already at the 41st UNESCO General Conference in autumn 2021. The Resolution 40/67 is based on years of work by UNESCO on this subject as well as on a comprehensive UNESCO study on the ethics of artificial intelligence.
Resolution on WSIS Follow-Up
UNESCO is responsible for the implementation of five of the eleven action lines of the UN World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). The 2019 UNESCO Resolution 40/72 on the WSIS follow-up contains a survey of the related UNESCO activities performed to date. It calls on UNESCO to create a stronger link between the WSIS goals and the UN goals for sustainable development (SDGs) to be achieved by 2030 and to ensure that UNESCO plays a leading role in the UN system in the WSIS follow-up. UNESCO is the first UN organisation to focus on the WSIS Review Conference (WSIS+20) planned for 2025. It is requested to draw up by the 41st UNESCO General Conference in autumn 2021 a roadmap that outlines the way to the 2025 conference.
Resolution on Cyberbullying
With Resolution 40/78UNESCO has created a new World Day with a view to the increase in cyber bullying on the Internet, especially at school and against children and women. As from 2020, the first Thursday in November of each year is to be celebrated as UNESCO Day against Cyberbullying (International day against violence and bullying at school, including cyberbullying)4].